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 Location: Israel.  Grid Reference: 31° 47' N, 35° 13' E

 

      Israel:

Jerusalem is one of the holiest places on the planet. It is an 'Earth-Navel', and is considered sacred ground to the Muslims, Jews, and Christians alike. This has turned it into a city of turmoil for its entire history, being taken and retaken over and again by waves of conquering Christian, Jewish and Muslim armies all fighting for the same spot of ground.

The dome of the rock,  on Temple mount is said to have held great treasures which the Knights Templar are rumoured to have discovered during their short stay on the mount.

The Temple Mount is supported by several immense foundation stones, regularly estimated to weigh 500 tons.

(Click here for 1886 Ordinance Survey of Jerusalem)

 

 

Article: Statesman.com (May, 2013)

'Massive Underwater Structure Baffles Archaeologists'

'A Massive circular monument was recently discovered beneath the Sea of Gallilee. It's thousands of years old - A conical, manmade structure weighing hundreds of tons. The monumental structure, made of boulders and stones with a diameter of 70m (230ft), emerged from a routine sonar scan in 2003. Researchers at the University of Haifa have been reported as saying "We only know it is there, it is huge and it is unusual".

(Link to Article)

 

 

   Jerusalem - 'Jeru - Shalom':

Description: The site where Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son, King Solomon was commanded to build the first temple by god, and the place where the Prophet Mohammed 's ascension occurred into paradise on his celebrated 'Night journey'. (12).

Despite having an area of less than one square kilometer, the old city is home to sites of key religious importance, among them the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque. It is the holiest city in Judaism, the third holiest in Islam and one of the holiest in Christiandom.

 

Temple of the Mount: The Foundation Stones.

Several massive stones 'under-pin' the Temple mount. They are estimated to weigh around 500 tons each. They were found when excavations along the western  'Wailing wall' uncovered them.

 

There are only three examples of masonry similar to this; In Jerusalem, at nearby Baalbek in Lebanon, and at Giza, Egypt.

The following extract (from Miracle of Ages), adequately describes the now famous conversation between Herodotus and Manetho:

'In the course of his questioning he (Herodotus) encountered one Manetho, an Egyptian High Priest, scholar and Historian, with whom he conversed at length thru the agency of an interpreter. Manetho informed his distinguished guest that the architect of the huge mass of stone was one "Philition", or "Suphis", of a people known as the "Hyksos", that is "Shepherd Kings". According to Manetho, the Shepherd Kings were "a people of ignoble race" who came from some unknown land in the East; they were a nomadic band who numbered not less than 280,000 souls; they brought with them their families and all mobile possessions, including vast flocks of sheep and herds of cattle; and they "had the confidence to invade Egypt, and subdued it without a battle". this same people, said Manetho, overthrew the then-reigning Dynasty, stamped out idolatry and endeavoured to firmly establish in the place thereof the worship of the One true God having completed the Great pyramid, migrated eastward into the land afterwards known as Judea and founded there the city of Salem, which later became Jerusalem, the Holy city.' (6)  (It is noted that although Manetho is a proud Egyptian, he still stated that the pyramids were built by foreigners).

 

The following extract is from Rawlinson's 'Phoenecia' concerning the architecture of Jerusalem.

'The wall had an original height of from seventy to one hundred and fourty feet. In places it is built from bottom to top of large squared stones, bevelled at the edges and varying between 3 ft 3 inches and 6 ft in height. The stones are laid without cement. The longest hitherto discovered measures 38 ft 9 inches in length (not less than one hundred tonnes). Many of the other blocks are from half to two thirds of this height. The massiveness of the work is on par with the Egyptian pyramid-Kings; and the perfection of the cutting and fitting of the stones is nearly equal.' (2)

 

It is noticeable from the photo (left) that the stones of the Wailing Wall get larger towards the bottom (except for the courses directly above the largest foundation stones). However, at the very bottom, well below the current street level, and holding the whole western side of the Temple mount, the stones are of a distinctly different style, having been carved perfectly square, and in a disproportionate scale to the rest of the blocks used above. They would have had to have been dragged uphill in order to position them and are believed to have been the original foundation stones of the first temple.

 

 

1 Kings 13-17: 13 And king Solomon chose workmen out of all Israel, and the levy was of thirty thousand men. 14 And he sent them to Libanus, ten thousand every month, by turns, so that two months they were at home: and Adoniram was over this levy. 15 And Soloman had seventy thousand to carry burdens, and eighty thousand to hew stones in the mountain: 16 Besides the overseers who were over every work, in number three thousand and three hundred, that ruled over the people, and them that did the work. 17 And the king commanded that they should bring great stones, costly stones, for the foundation of the temple, and should square them: 18 And the masons of Solomon and the masons of Hiram, hewed them: and the Giblians prepared timber and stones to build the house.

 

A close-up of the massive blocks.. with embossed edges.

(The Top-50 Megaliths of all Time)

 

The Dome of the Rock

The most contested part of Jerusalem, and currently under Muslim control.

 

'Beneath the rock there is a small cave . . . the entrance to which is at the south-east corner of the rock; a flight of steps passes under an archway and leads down to the chamber. The average height of the cave is six feet. In the roof is a circular opening which pierces the rock; the floor is paved with marble, and the sides are covered with plaster and whitewash. The floor, when stamped upon, gives out a hollow sound, indicating the presence of a lower chamber, possibly a well, the "Well of Spirits." The sides, too, when tapped give forth a hollow sound, which the Moslem guardian brings forward as a proof that the Sakhra is, in accordance with the legend, suspended in the air. (Source: Picturesque Palestine, vol. 1, pp. 61-62.)

 

The church of the Holy Sepulchre - Outside the old city a church marks the spot where Joseph of Arimathea buried Jesus in his tomb. When Emperor Hadrian raised Jerusalem in the 2nd Century  AD, he built a temple to Venus on the site. Following a division made in 1757 by the ruling Turks, the holy place is shared by Greek orthodox, Roman Catholic, Armenian, Syrian and Coptic churches. (12)

 

Jerusalem: The origin of the name.

The Semitic root of the name was sometimes thought to be "s-l-m" meaning peace, harmony or completeness. A city called Rušalimum or Urušalimum appears in ancient Egyptian records as one of the first reference to Jerusalem. (17) These Egyptian forms are thought to derive from the local name attested in the Amarna letters, eg in EA 287 (where it takes several forms) Urusalim. The form Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) first appears in the book of Joshua.

 

Article: National Geographic Article (Nov 2008):

'Archaeologists in northern Israel say they have discovered the world's oldest known grave of a shaman. The 12,000-year-old grave holds an elderly female of the mysterious Natufian culture, animal parts, and a human foot. Hundreds of Natufian graves have been excavated in Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. But only the one uncovered by Grosman contains a woman believed to have been a shaman.

The 1.5-meter-tall (nearly 5-foot-tall), 45-year-old woman was relatively old for her time. After her death, she was placed in a mud-plastered and rock-lined pit in a cave and was buried beneath a large stone slab. She was not buried with everyday items and tools, as hunters, warriors, or political leaders were. Instead, her grave contained 50 arranged turtle shells and parts of wild pigs, eagles, cows, leopards, martens, and a human foot'.

(More about Shamanism)

(Click here for full article)

 

Chronology of Jerusalem:

Ceramic evidence indicates the occupation of Ophel, within present-day Jerusalem, as far back as the Copper Age, c. 4th millennium BCE, (5), (4), with evidence of a permanent settlement during the early Bronze Age, c. 3000-2800 BCE. (3)

597 BC - The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar seizes Jerusalem. (11).

589 BC - Pro-Egyptian rebellion lasts 2˝ years. (11).

586 BC - The city falls again to the Babylonians. This time the temple and Jerusalem are totally destroyed. (11).

539 BC - The Persian king Cyrus takes Babylon, Hebrews are allowed to return with the treasures that Nebuchadnezzar took. (11)

537 BC - Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon and permits the Jews to return.

-  Temple rebuilt before end of 6th century by Zerubbabel. (11).

- Persia holds the city until 333 BC when Alexander the Great takes Palestine.

198 BC - The Seleucid king Antiochus II conquers Judea, making it  tributary of Syria.

- Jews later revolt under the leadership of Maccabeans and defeat the Syrians.

165 BC - Temple re-consecrated.

63 BC - Rome takes the city.

40 BC - Reign of Herod. Second temple built.

67 AD - The Nazoreans or 'Zealots' take Jerusalem and the Temple (11).

70 AD - The city falls to the Romans. Temple destroyed. (11). Temple to Jupiter erected. (10).

2nd Century AD - Emperor Hadrian raises Jerusalem (12).

325 AD - Jerusalem experiences 300 years of Christian domination. Jews and Muslims barred (12).

691 AD - Muslims conquer city, The Caliph of Damascus 'Abd al-Malik', builds the 'Dome of the rock' mosque, and covers it with gold mosaics, the Ottoman Turks later replaced these with 45,000 tiles. The Dome today is covered with gold-plated aluminium embellishes with verses from the Koran (12).

14th June 1099 AD - The Crusders, led by Godfrey de Boullon, capture the city following Pope Urban's call in 1096. The Templars excavate the ruins of Herod's temple in Jerusalem. The Qumran scrolls (Dead Sea scrolls), tell how the community hid its wealth under the Temple (11). Baldwin I declared king of Jerusalem.

1187 AD - Saladin recaptures the city for the Muslims and the Ayyubid and Mameluke dynasties ruled until 1517 when the Ottoman empire took over.

1917 AD - British occupy Jerusalem, becomes the capital of mandated Palestine from 1923 to 1948.

1949 AD - United Nations partition plan rejected and city divided into Israeli and Jordanian sectors.

1967 AD - Six day war. Israel takes the entire city.

 

The knight's Templar and Jerusalem.

The Knights Templar history starts in the year 1119 in Jerusalem. The order take their name from Solomon's temple. Their official purpose was to protect the roads for pilgrims to the city, but as there are so few records of events and the fact that we know that there were only nine in residence at Jerusalem it is suspected that there was another agenda afoot. 

The recorded actions of the knights suggests that they spent nine years digging and excavating a series of tunnels under their quarters on the temple mount. These tunnels were re-excavated in 1867 by Lieutenant Warren of the Royal Engineers. The access tunnel descends vertically downwards for eighty feet through solid rock before radiating in a series of tunnels horizontally under the site of the temple itself. In the tunnels he found a spur, remnants of a lance, a small Templar cross and the major part of a Templar sword. These artefacts are now preserved by Templar archivist for Scotland, Robert Bryan of Edinburgh. (7)

The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, in particular the Copper scroll, which is an itinerary of treasures supports the idea that they were searching for the lost wealth of the Hebrews. Of great interest then is the fact that they soon became an enormously wealthy group, influencing Popes, Kings and European politics. They accumulated great wealth and power with banking activities, lending money to the European kings. The Templars prosperous business turned into their ruin when Philip the Fair of France, unable to repay his enormous debt with them, decided to wipe out the order all together. He also convinced the Pope Clemente V to accuse the Templar's of heresy and to confiscate all their properties. The knights were persecuted, killed and tortured and in few years the order was completely annihilated. It is often claimed that King Philip of France secretly ordered the mass arrest of all the Knights Templar in France on Friday, October 13, 1307. (8)

(View a map of the underground features on the 'Temple Mount')

 

Jerusalem as an Earth Navel.

Jerusalem is considered a 'Earth navel' by Christians, Jews and Muslims alike. (10).

"This city of Jerusalem I have set among the nations, with the other countries around about her" (Ezek. 5:5)

Although Jerusalem shows as the centre of many Mappaemundi, the practice of placing Jerusalem at the centre was largely confined to the post-crusade period in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Other references to Jerusalem are also largely from Christian sources, such as:

'Adamann, abbot of Iona, in his De Locis Sanctis, speaks of: "a very high column which stands in the centre of the city... It is remarkable how this column... fails to cast a shadow at midday during the summer solstice, when the sun reaches the centre of the heavens... And so this column... proves Jerusalem to be at the centre of the world... and its navel'. (1)

Note: Although such an observation of the sun is impossible astronomically (unless the column was leaning at ten degrees towards the south), it is clear that an attempt was being made to combine science with religion., as is the following extract from one 'Bernard the Wise' (c. 870 AD), who reported that:

'The walls of the four main churches in Jerusalem enclosed an un-roofed porch, over which four chains were strung from each church to join in a point over the centre of the world'. (1)

(More about Earth Navel's)

 

Alignments  - Solomon’s temple was orientated due east, so that the dawn-light would have entered the Tabernacle at both the spring and autumn equinoxes. Commenting on the autumn equinox Lady Flavia says: “In Jerusalem the solar orb would on this day rise directly over and appear to rest on the Mount of Olives. John Michell and Christine Rhone, in their work Twelve Tribe Nations and the Science of Enchanting the Landscape (1991) remark: “….the ‘Messianic ley’ from the Mount of Olives and along the Temple axis points directly to the most sacred rock of Christendom, the hill of Golgotha or Calvary whereon Jesus was crucified. Golgotha is a natural rock pinnacle, a miniature sacred mountain, which in the time of Jesus stood just outside the city walls. There is archaeological evidence that it was once a place of pagan worship. It is traditionally claimed that Adam’s skull is buried beneath it, and this contributes to its Christian reputation as the symbolic earth navel.”

 

Gallery of Images:

The Dome of the Rock - Interior..

 

(Oracle Centres)

(Earth Navels)

(The Top-50 Megaliths of All Time)

(Additional Information about Jerusalem at SacredSites.com)

 

 

 

References:

1). J. B. Harley, D. Woodward. The History of Cartography: Vol I. 1987. University of Chicago Press.
2). G. Daniels. The First Civilisations. 1968. Pelican Books.
3). Killebrew Ann E. "Biblical Jerusalem: An Archaeological Assessment" in Andrew G. Vaughn and Ann E. Killebrew, eds., "Jerusalem in Bible and Archaeology: The First Temple Period" (SBL Symposium Series 18; Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003)
4). Freedman, David Noel (2000-01-01). Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 694–695. 
5). "Timeline for the History of Jerusalem". Jewish Virtual Library. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise.
6). Worth Smith. Miracle of the Ages: The Great Pyramid. 1934. The Elizabeth Towne Co., Inc, USA.
7). http://www.angelfire.com/il3/threehawks/images19/indextemplar.html
8). Nathaniel Lachenmeyer, 13: The Story of the World's Most Popular Superstition
10). Paul Devereux. Living Ancient Wisdom. Rider press.2002.
11). Christopher Knight & Robert Lomas. The Hiram Key. Arrow press. 1996.
12). The Atlas of Mysterious Places. Guild publishing. 1987.
17). G.Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren (eds.) Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, (tr.David E.Green) William B.Eerdmann, Grand Rapids Michigan, Cambridge, UK 1990, Vol. VI, p.34

 

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