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 Location: The foot of Mount Parnassus, Grece.  Grid Reference: 38 37′ N, 23 49' E.

 

      Delphi: (Earth Navel, Oracle Centre).

The most famous oracle centre in the ancient world.

The foundation of the oracle at Delphi extends back into prehistory. While it was known as the greatest oracle in the world during the Classic Greek  period, it has a provenance that can be traced back to a site of worship of the mother goddess Gaia.

The Oracles at Delphi were known as 'pythona', and were able to successfully predict future events for over a thousand years.

The Latitude of Delphi  (38 37' N,) is almost exactly 3/7th of the distance from the Equator to the Pole.

 

The site of the Delphine Oracle, arguably the most important oracle in the classic world and sacred since prehistoric times (1), originally being a shrine to Gaia, a fact to which various authorities testify (i.e. Aeschylus and Euripides).

Delphi is also associated with the worship of Apollo (the sun god), who is said to have killed the serpent Python at Delphi, essentially supplanting one form of worship with another. The sites status as an Earth Navel was recognised by Herodotus, who connected the oracle centre at Delphi with the one at Karnak in Egypt, both sites at which Omphalos stones have been found.

 

 

   The Delphic Mysteries:

...'Know Thyself'...

(...Inscribed over the entrance to the Delphic Shrine...)

 

The capacity for the Pythae to predict the future successfully for over a thousand years.

'Geological studies showed that Apollo's temple was built possibly upon two crossed seismogenous and hydrophilous faults. Geochemical studies illustrate the existence of vapours such as methane, ethane, ethylene and carbon dioxide eminating from the faults (1). The hallucinogenic effects of ethylene are known to medical science. It is suggested that the effects of ethelyne, the lack of oxygen and/or the chewing of laurel may have been responsible for the Pythia's hypnagogic state'. (1)

The subsequent power to prophesise is more difficult to explain, but it is remembered that an association between shamanic prophetic states and the consumption of hallucinogenic substances is well recorded.

(More about the role of drugs in Prehistory)

 

The apparitions which appeared to protect the site against the Persians were described by Herodotus.

The Floating Spheres - Another phenomena, which is not exclusive to Delphi, is the recording on a digital camera of some floating spheres which are not associated with the known piezoelectric phenomena or droplets of water or vapour's of steam and gasses. (1) These 'floating spheres' were studied and presented scientifically by Ledwith and Heinemann (2007).

 

The Foundation of Delphi:

Far above the Delphic shrine and temples, and higher up Mount Parnassus is a large cave entrance. Within this cave have been found offerings as old as 7,000 years old. These include small incense and candle holders and jewellery, but more importantly - over 25,000 knuckle bones of which 20% were inscribed with names of gods and carved into dice (used for divination).

The foundation of the oracle of Delphi is described by three early writers: The author of the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, Aeschylus in the prologue to the Eumenides, and Euripides in a chorus in the Iphigeneia in Tauris. All three versions disagree with each other basically, but have been superficially combined in the conventional version of late classical times." The Euripides version reproduces in a sophisticated form the primitive tradition which Aeschylus for his own purposes had been at pains to contradict: the belief that Apollo came to Delphi as an invader and appropriated for himself a previously existing oracle of Earth. The slaying of the serpent is the act of conquest which secures his possession; not as in the Homeric Hymn, a merely secondary work of improvement on the site. Another difference is also noticeable. The Homeric Hymn, as we saw, implied that the method of prophecy used there was similar to that of Dodona: both Aeschylus and Euripides, writing in the fifth century, attribute to primeval times the same methods as used at Delphi in their own day. So much is implied by their allusions to tripods and prophetic seats." ... "Another very archaic feature at Delphi also confirms the ancient associations of the place with the Earth goddess. This was the Omphalos, an egg-shaped stone which was situated in the innermost sanctuary of the temple in historic times. Classical legend asserted that it marked the 'navel' (Omphalos) or centre of the Earth and explained that this spot was determined by Zeus who had released two eagles to fly from opposite sides of the earth and that they had met exactly over this place... So although Delphi was originally devoted to the worship of the Earth goddess whom the Greeks called Ge, or Gaia, It is sufficient interpret him as the Homeric Hymn represents him -- as a northern intruder -- and his arrival must have occurred in the dark interval between Mycenaean and Hellenic times. His conflict with Ge for the possession of the cult site was represented under the legend of his slaying the serpent."

 

The Geodetic nature of Delphi - The foundation of Delphi and its oracle took place before the times of recorded history. In relation to this, it is interesting to note that the origin of Delphi is associated with the myth of Zeus releasing two doves simultaneously from the eastern and western  'edges' of the earth, reflecting a knowledge of earth's sphericity.

Delphi is located almost exactly 3/7th's of the distance from the Equator to the Pole, Karnak in Egypt is 2/7th's and Silbury Hill is 4/7th's.

(90/7 = 12.857 Which translates to 12 51' 25")

Karnak - 25 43' 0" N (90/7 x2 = 25.714) which translates as 25 42' 05".

Delphi - 38 37' N (90/7 x3 = 38.57) which translates to 38 34' 03".

Silbury Hill - 51 24 50 N (90/7 x4 = 51.428) which translates to 51 25' 40".

 

Delphi also lies along the same alignment formed by connecting Dodona to Behdet in Egypt (which was the geodetic capital of Northern Egypt before 3,000 BC according to Stecchini), and which sits on the same longitude as Thebes and the same Latitude as Alexandria. Herodotus connected Delphi with Thebes (Karnak) in his narration.

(More about Egyptian Geodesy)

Dodona, Delphi and Behdet are all separated by units of whole degrees of Latitude.

As proof of Delphi's recognition of its coordinating role in the positioning of isolated temples all over Greece we have Plato's and Aristotle's statements which indicate that the 'Delphic priests were responsible for placing temples and shrines in accordance with a Sacred Law'. (1)

Delphi is associated with two points in Asia and Africa. These points form an inverted giant Isosceles triangle. Its corners are composed from Navels. Its top corner is based on a site in Africa which is called Oasis Siwa, and the third corner is in at Sardeis in Anatolia. The Hellenic myths describe three navels at each particular corner with Heraclese, the collective subconscious of prehistoric Greece being represented at each Navel. (1)

(More about Earth Navels)

(Other Greek locations)

(Divination)

 

 

References:

1). http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:czCzAbRH7P0J:www.geo.lt/Seminaras_2008/Pages%2520103-148.PDF+delphi+prehistoric&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=uk
2). Ledworth, M and Klauss Heinmann. 2007. The Orb Project. Beyond Worlds Publishing. pp 158-163.
 

 

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