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       Giants:  (The Archaeological Record)

References to giants can be found in myths and texts around the ancient world.. including several examples in the archaeological record too, but were there ever such breeds of people, who were they and what role did they play in human history....



Giants are frequently mentioned in the earliest of ancient texts. Perhaps significantly, the first book of the Bible (Genesis) records that there were giants on the earth...


Article: (March, 2012) - Source:

'Remains of Giant Found in Egypt'.

According to the German newspaper,, a researcher named Gregor Sp�rri has presented a number of photos of a mummified giant finger. These incredible images are now being shown to the public for the first time. The finger is 15 inches long and if it is genuine, it belonged to someone who was more than 16 feet tall!

Apparently, the photos were taken during excavation in 1988, but they have not been published until now. Unfortunately, this finger is not housed in any Egyptian museum.  In 1988, Gregor Sp�rri came in contact with "an old man from a grave robber dynasty." Sp�rri had to pay 300 dollars to see the mummified finger and take pictures of it.

In 2009, Gregor Sp�rri returned once again to Egypt and tried to find the old man to learn more about this extraordinary discovery. Unfortunately, Sp�rri was unable to located the man.

The story remains unconfirmed....!



   References to Giants in Ancient Text:


Biblical references to giants:

Genesis 6:4 - 'There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown'.

Numbers 13:33 - 'And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight'.

Deuteronomy 1:28 - 'Whither shall we go up? our brethren have discouraged our heart, saying, the people are greater and taller than we; the cities are great and walled up to heaven; and moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakims there'.

2:10 - 'The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims;  11 Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites called them Emims'.

2:20  - References to a 'race' of giants who: 'dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;  21 A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead':

3:11 - 'For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man'. (This bed is 6 feet wide, 14 feet long and King Og's height is estimated at least 12 feet.)

Joshua xv. 14; Judges i. 20; and Numbers xiii. 33 - ANAK, father of the Anakim. 'The Hebrew spies said they were mere grass-hoppers in comparison with these giants' (3)


Other Textual References to Giants:

The Book of Giants: The Book of Giants was a work apparently composed in Syriac (an eastern dialect of Aramaic). The book was entirely lost until the twentieth century, but scant references to it survived in Latin, Greek, and Arabic, indicating that it involved battles of the ancient giants. Then about a century ago many highly fragmentary Manichean works written in Central Asian languages were recovered archaeologically at Turfan, in China (and much of the find remains unpublished even at present).


The Epic of Gilgamesh: What is claimed as the oldest surviving epic-story in the world; 'The epic of Gilgamesh' also includes a references to giants. Gilgamesh and Enkidu go together to fight the evil Humbaba at the cedar mountains. The evil giants face was like a lion, a roar like a flood, a mouth of flames, breath that burns trees, and teeth like a dragons. In the end they cut off his head.

(Ref: Ch 2, 3 and 4: The Epic of Gilgamesh)

Herodotus in Book 1, Chapter 68: Describes how the Spartans uncovered in Tegea the body of Orestes which was seven cubits long -- around 10 feet. In his book, 'The Comparison of Romulus with Theseus' Plutarch describes how the Athenians uncovered the body of Theseus, which was of more than ordinary size. The kneecaps of Ajax were exactly the size of a discus for the boy's pentathlon, wrote Pausanias. A boy's discus was about twelve centimetres in diameter, while a normal adult patella is around five centimetres, suggesting Ajax may have been around 14 feet tall.

Pliny: The Arabian giant Gabara was 9 feet 9 inches. This Arabian giant is mentioned by Pliny, who says he was the tallest man seen in the days of Claudius. (3)

Plutarch: 105 feet in height: Ant�os is said by Plutarch to have been 60 cubits in height. He furthermore adds that the grave of the giant was opened by Serbon.

Andronicus II. was 10 feet in height. He was grandson of Alexius Comnnus. Nictas asserts that he had seen him. (3)

Elea'zer: was 7 cubits (nearly 14 feet). Vitellius sent this giant to Rome; and he is mentioned by Josephus. (Josephus speaks of a Jew 10 feet 2 inches). (3)




   Giants in Mythology:

 Myths of giants are prevalent from around the ancient world:

Australian Giants: Throughout the length and breadth of central and far western New South wales, Aboriginal traditions speak of the Bulloo, or 'giant men and women', who they claim were 3m tall beings who wandered the land eating giant marsupials and other Australian ice-age 'megafauna' which they killed with large stone clubs and other giant-size implements.

Further to the east, there dwelt the 'Jogungs' and 'Goolagahs', or 'giant hairy ones', tool making giant hominids sometimes confused with the Yowies, and who may, or may not have been related to the Bulloo.



Norse giants: Of Scandinavian mythology, were evil genii, dwelling in J�tunheim (giantland), who had the power of reducing or extending their stature at will.

Norse mythology includes many references to 'Snow' giants and 'Mountain' giants. The Giants, were the chief enemies of the gods, particularly the Aesir.

In the Norse world, a giant was called Jotun or Iotun. There are several different types of giants. The frost-giants were the most common giants; they lived in Jotunheim, one of the nine worlds. The capital of Jotunheim was Utgard, the citadel of the frost-giants and home of Utgard-Loki or Utgardaloki. Often writers just simply called the home of the giants as Giantland.

There are many places within Jotunheim other than Utgard. The giant Hrungnir lived in a frontier of Giantland, called Griotunagardar. The giant Thiassi lived on the mountain called Thrymheim, with his daughter Skadi.

The other giants were the fire giants, who lived in Muspelheim. The fire giant named Surt ruled in Muspelheim.

Note that some of the giantesses had become deified because of the their relationship with the Norse gods, like Jord, Grid, Gerd and Rind. These giantesses became Asyniur or goddesses in their own rights, so I have list some of these in this page and some in the Aesir page.



Hindu Giants: In Hinduism, the giants are called Daityas. They were a race who fought against the gods because they were jealous of their Deva half-brothers. Some Daityas from Hindu mythology include Kumbhakarna and Hiranyaksha.


Greek Giants: The sons of Tar�taros and Ge. When they attempted to storm heaven, they were hurled to earth by the aid of Hercules, and buried under Mount Etna.


Extract  from Brewer's 'Dictionary of Phrase and Fable' (3)

AC�AMAS. One of the Cyclops. (Greek fable.)
GƒON, the hundred-handed. One of the Titans. (Greek fable.)
AG�RIOS. One of the Titans. He was killed by the Parc�. (Greek fable.)
ALCYONEUS [Al�-si-o-nuce], or AL�CION. Jupiter sent Hercules against him for stealing some of the Sun�s oxen. But Hercules could not do anything, for immediately the giant touched the earth he received fresh strength. (See below, ANT�OS.) At length Pallas carried him beyond the moon. His seven daughters were metamorphosed into halcyons. (Argonautic Expedition, i. 6.)
AL�GEBAR�. The giant Ori�on is so called by the Arabs.
ALIFAN�FARON or ALIPHAR�NON (q.v.).ALO�EOS. Son of Poseidon Can. Each of his two sons was 27 cubits high. (Greek fable.)
AM�ERANT. A cruel giant slain by Guy of Warwick. (Percy: Reliques.)
ANTƒOS (q.v.; see above, ALCYONEUS). (See below, 105 feet.)
ARGES (2 syl.). One of the Cyclops. (Greek fable.)
CHALBROTH. The stem of all the giant race. (Rabelais: Pantagruel).
C�OS. Son of Heaven and Earth. He married Ph�b, and was the father of Latna. (Greek fable.)
CORMORANT. A giant discomfited by Sir Brian. (Spenser: Fa�rie Queene, vi. 4.)
EU�RYTOS. One of the giants that made war with the gods. Bacchus killed him with his thyrsus. (Greek fable.)
FERREGUS, slain by Orgando, was 28 feet in height.
FIOR�GWYN, the father of Frigga (Scandinavian mythology).
GAL�BARA. Father of Goliah of Secondille (3 syl.), and inventor of the custom of drinking healths. (Duchat: �uvres de Rabelais. 1711.)
GALAPAS. The giant slain by King Arthur. (Sir T. Malory: History of Prince Arthur.)
GOG�MAGOG. King of the giant race of Albion; slain by Cori�neus.
GRANGOUSIER. The giant king of Utopia, father of Gargantua. (Rabelais: Gargantua.)
GYGES (2 syl.). One of the Titans. He had fifty heads and a hundred hands. (Greek fable.)
HIPPOL�YTOS. One of the giants who made war with the gods. He was killed by Herm�s. (Greek fable.)
JOTUN. The giant of J�tunheim or Giant-land. (Scandinavian mythology.)
JULIANCE. A giant of Arthurian romance.
KOTTOS. One of the Titans. He had a hundred hands. (See BRIAREOS.) (Greek fable.)
MUGILLO. A giant famous for his mace with six balls.
PYRAC�MON. One of the Cyclops. (Greek fable.)
RITHO. The giant who commanded King Arthur to send him his beard to complete the lining of a robe. In the Arthurian romance.
STER�OPES (3 syl.). One of the Cyclops. (Greek fable.)
TARTARO. The Cyclops of Basque mythology.
THAON. One of the giants who made war with the gods. He was killed by the Parc�. (Greek fable.)
YOHAK. The giant guardian of the caves of Babylon. (Southey: Thalaba, book v.)




   Gigantism: Recent Examples.



Gigantism: Extract  from Brewer's 'Dictionary of Phrase and Fable' (3)

BAMFORD (Edward) was 7 feet 4 inches. He died in 1768, and was buried in St. Dunstan�s churchyard.

BATES (Captain) was 7 feet 11 1/2 inches. He was a native of Kentucky, and was exhibited in London in 1871. His wife (Anna Swann) was the same height.

BLACKER (Henry) was 7 feet 4 inches, and most symmetrical. He was born at Cuckfield, in Sussex, in 1724, and was called �The British Giant.�

BRADLEY (William) was 7 feet 9 inches in height. He was born in 1787, and died 1820. His birth is duly registered in the parish church of Market Weighton, in Yorkshire, and his right hand is preserved in the museum of the College of Surgeons.

BRICK (M. J.) exhibited under the name of Anak, was 7 feet 8 inches in height at the age of 26. He was born in 1840 at Ramonchamp, in the Vosges, and visited England 1862�5. His arms had a stretch of 95 1/2 inches, and were therefore 3 1/2 inches too long for symmetry.

BRUSTED (Von) was 8 feet in height. This Norway giant was exhibited in London in 1880.

BUSBY (John) was 7 feet 9 inches in height, and his brother was about the same. They were natives of Darfield, in Yorkshire.

CHANG, the Chinese giant, was 8 feet 2 inches in height. The entire name of this Chinese giant was Chang-Woo-Goo. He was exhibited in London in 1865�1866, and again in 1880. He was a native of Fychou.

CHARLEMAGNE was nearly 8 feet in height, and was so strong he could squeeze together three horseshoes with his hands.

COTTER (Patrick) was 8 feet 7 1/2 inches in height. This Irish giant died at Clifton, Bristol, in 1802. A cast of his hand is preserved in the museum of the College of Surgeons.

ELEIZEGUE (Joachim). Was 7 feet 10 inches in height. He was a Spaniard, and exhibited in the Cosmorama, Regent Street, London.

EVANS (William) was 8 feet at death. He was a porter of Charles I., and died in 1632.

FRANK (Big). Was 7 feet 8 inches in height. He was an Irishman whose name was Francis Sheridan, and died in 1870.

FRENZ (Louis) was 7 feet 4 inches in height. He was called �the French giant.�

FUNNUM (court giant of Eugene II.) was 11 feet 6 inches.

GILLY was 8 feet. This Swedish giant was exhibited in the early part of the nineteenth century.

GORDON (Al�ce) was 7 feet in height. She was a native of Essex, and died in 1737, at the age of 19.

HALE (Robert) was 7 feet 6 inches in height. He was born at Somerton, in Norfolk, and was called �the Norfolk giant� (1820�1862).

HAR�DRADA (Harold) was nearly 8 feet in height (�5 ells of Norway�), and was called �the Norway giant.� Snorro Sturleson says he was �about 8 feet in height.�

HOLMES (Benjamin) was 7 feet 6 inches in height. He was a Northumberland man, and was made sword-bearer of the Corporation of Worcester. He died in 1892.

JOHN FREDERICK, Duke of Brunswick, was 8 feet 6 inches in height.

LA PIERRE was 7 feet 1 inch in height. He was born at Stratgard, in Denmark.

LOUIS was 7 feet 4 inches in height. Called �the French giant.� His left hand is preserved in the museum of the College of Surgeons.

LOUISHKIN was 8 feet 5 inches in height. This Russian giant was drum-major of the Imperial Guards.

MCDONALD (James) was 7 feet 6 inches in height. He was born in Cork, Ireland, and died in 1760.

MCDONALD (Samuel) was 6 feet 10 inches in height. This Scotchman was usually called �Big Sam.� He was the Prince of Wales�s footman, and died in 1802.

MAGRATH (Cornelius) was 7 feet 10 inches in height at the age of 16. He was an orphan reared by Bishop Berkeley, and died at the age of twenty (1740�1760).

MAXIMI�NUS was 8 feet 6 inches in height. The Roman emperor, from 235 to 238.

MELLON (Edmund) was 7 feet 6 inches in height at the age of nineteen. He was born at Port Leicester, in Ireland (1740�1760).

MIDDLETON (John) was 9 feet 3 inches in height. �His hand was 17 inches long and 8 1/2 broad.� He was born at Hale, Lancashire, in the reign of James J. Dr. Plott: Natural History of Staffordshire, p. 295.)

MILLER (Maximilian Christopher) was 8 feet in height. His hand measured 12 inches, and his forefinger was 9 inches long. This Saxon giant died in London at the age of sixty (1674�1734).

MURPHY was 8 feet 10 inches in height. This Irish giant was contemporary with O�Brien (see below), and died at Marseilles.

O�BRIEN, or CHARLES BYRNE, was 8 feet 4 inches in height. The skeleton of this Irish giant is preserved in the College of Surgeons. He died in Cockspur Street, London, and was contemporary with Murphy (1761�1783).

O�BRIEN (Patrick) was 8 feet 7 inches in height. He died August 3, 1804, aged thirty-nine.

OSEN (Heinrich) was 7 feet 6 inches in height at the age of 27, and weighed abvoe 37 stone. He was born in Norway.

PORUS was �5 cubits in height� (7 feet 6 inches). He was an Indian king who fought against Alexander the Great near the river Hydasp�s. (Quintus Curtius: De rebus gestis Alexandri Magni.)

RIECHART (J. H.) was 8 feet 4 inches in height. He was a native of Friedberg, and both his father and mother were of gigantic stature.

SALMERON (Martin) was 7 feet 4 inches in height. He was called �The Mexican Giant.�

SWANN (Anne Hanen) was 7 feet 11 1/2 inches in height. She was a native of Nova Scotia.

TOLLER (James) was 8 feet at the age of 24. He died in February, 1819.

Becanus asserts that he had seen a man nearly 10 feet high, and a woman fully 10 feet.

Gasper Bauhin speaks of a Swiss 8 feet in height.

Del Rio tells us he himself saw a Piedmontese in 1572 more than 9 feet in height.

C. F. S. Warren, M.A. (in Notes and Queries, August 14th, 1875), tells us that his father knew a lady 9 feet in height, and adds �her head touched the ceiling of a good-sized room.�

Vanderbrook says he saw at Congo a black man 9 feet high.

In the museum of Trinity College, Dublin, is a human skeleton 8 feet 6 inches in height.

Thomas Hall, of Willingham, was 3 feet 9 inches at the age of 3.

A giant was exhibited at Rouen in the early part of the eighteenth century 17 feet 10 inches in height.

Gorapus, the surgeon, tells us of a Swedish giantess, who, at the age of 9, was over 10 feet in height.

Turner, the naturalist, tells us he saw in Brazil a giant 12 feet in height.

M. Thevet published, in 1575, an account of a South American giant, the skeleton of which he measured. It was 11 feet 5 inches.

(Ref: C. Brewer. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898)




   Giants in Archaeology:


The giant (right), was apparently unearthed in County Antrim, Ireland, and found to be 12ft 2in high. Its girth of chest was 6ft 6in, and length of arms 4ft 6in. There are six toes on the right foot. This skeleton was on display in exhibitions in Dublin, Liverpool and Manchester. What later happened to the giant and its owner is unknown.

(Photo from the British Strand magazine. Dec 1895)

Australian aborigines

'When the world was new, when the ancestors appeared from the north like giants'.

In old Pleistocene river gravels near Bathurst, N.S.W. huge stone artifacts-clubs, pounders, adzes, chisels, knives and hand-axes-all of tremendous weight, lie scattered over a wide area. A fossil hunter searching the Winburndale River north of Bathurst discovered a large quartzitised fossil human molar tooth, far too big for any normal modern human. A similar molar of chert fossilisation was also recovered from ancient deposits near Dubbo, N.S.W. Prospectors working in the Bathurst district over 40 years ago frequently reported coming across large human footprints in shoals of red jasper.


A stone circle in Scotland, nearby to Glenquickan was excavated in the early 1800's revealing the bones of ... 'a man of uncommon size' (2).

A skeleton discovered at Lucerne in 1577. (19ft in height), Dr. Plater is our authority for this measurement. (3)

Teutobochus, whose remains were discovered near the Rhone in 1613. (30ft in height), they occupied a tomb 30 feet long. The bones of another gigantic skeleton were exposed by the action of the Rhone in 1456. If this was a human skeleton, the height of the living man must have been 30 feet.

The Martindale Mummies (left) were acquired by Ripley's in February 1998 from Dr. Larry Cartmell. The mother and child mummies were discovered in Yosemite Valley, California in 1891 and first displayed in Scranton, Kansas in 1899. The origin of the "Martindale Mummies" remains a mystery. Measuring an incredible 6'8" tall, the mother is the tallest female mummy ever discovered!



   Giants in the Americas.


One of the most prolific regions of the world for reports of 'giants' is the Americas where numerous records exist of both skeletal remains and actual sightings.

The first chronicled sighting occurred in 1520, when the Portuguese explorer Magellan anchored his ships in the harbour of San Julian. On going ashore, he and his crew encountered a giant of a man, nearly ten feet tall and with the 'voice like a bull'. Enquiries suggested that he belonged to a tribe of giants who lived nearby. (1) The etymology of the word is unclear, but Patagonia came to mean �Land of the Bigfeet.� Magellan seized two of the younger males as hostages to bring back to Spain, but they apparently got sick and died on the journey.

This is the 1520s account of Antonio Pigafetta, chronicler of Ferdinand Magellan�s expedition:

'One day (without anyone expecting it) we saw a giant who was on the shore [near today�s Puerto San Juli�n, Argentina], quite naked, and who danced, leaped, and sang, and while he sang he threw sand and dust on his head. Our captain [Magellan] sent one of his men toward him, charging him to leap and sing like the other in order to reassure him and to show him friendship. Which he did. Immediately the man of the ship, dancing, led this giant to a small island where the captain awaited him. And when he was before us, he began to marvel and to be afraid, and he raised one finger upward, believing that we came from heaven. And he was so tall that the tallest of us only came up to his waist. Withal he was well proportioned. . . . The captain named the people of this sort Pathagoni'. (4)

Sir Francis Drake, who passed through San Julian in 1578, mentions that he saw two men who stood nine feet tall, and in the years that followed similar reports were made by other explorers such as Pedro Sarmiento, Tome Hernandez, Anthony Knyvet and Sebald de Weert who all claim to have laid eyes on the South American giants. (1) In The World Encompassed (London, 1628), the first detailed account of Sir Francis Drake�s circumnavigation, the author, Drake�s nephew of the same name, wrote:

Magellane was not altogether deceived, in naming them Giants; for they generally differ from the common sort of men, both in stature, bignes, and strength of body, as also in the hideousnesse of their voice: but yet they are nothing so monstrous, or giantlike as they were reported; there being some English men, as tall, as the highest of any that we could see, but peradventure, the Spaniards did not thinke, that ever any English man would come thither, to reprove them; and thereupon might presume the more boldly to lie: the name Pentagones, Five cubits viz. 7. Foote and halfe, describing the full height (if not some what more) of the highest of them. But this is certaine, that the Spanish cruelties there used [referring to Magellan�s hostage taking], have made them more monstrous, in minde and manners, then they are in body; and more inhospitable, to deale with any strangers, that shall come thereafter.(4)

He reduced the height of the Patagonians from ten feet to seven and a half feet but was obviously more intent on discrediting the Spanish and blaming them for the �monstrosity� of the giants. Ironically, though, he was really confirming the basic facts behind the myth.

In 1615, two more travellers, Jacob le Maire and Wilhelm Schouten, recorded the fact that they had discovered a pair of human skeletons, each nine feet in length. (1)

By 1700, the giants seemed to have moved away from San Julian, and the next official record places them at Valdivia, Chile. In 1712, the Spanish authorities there filed repeated reports of a race of giants living in the wild interior, not many miles from the town. (1)

The last sighting seems to have taken place in 1764, when Commodore Byron, grandfather of famous poet, saw them at Cabo Virgines. (1)


The following (unconfirmed) list suggests a genuine need for a re-appraisal of pre-Columbian American history...


In his book, The Natural and Aboriginal History of Tennessee, author John Haywood describes "very large" bones in stone graves found in Williamson County, Tennessee, in 1821.

In White County, Tennessee, an "ancient fortification" contained skeletons of gigantic stature averaging at least 7 feet in length.

Giant skeletons were found in the mid-1800s near Rutland and Rodman, New York.

J.N. DeHart, M.D. found vertebrae "larger than those of the present type" in Wisconsin mounds in 1876.

W.H.R. Lykins uncovered skull bones "of great size and thickness" in mounds of Kansas City area in 1877.

George W. Hill, M.D., dug out a skeleton "of unusual size" in a mound of Ashland County, Ohio.

In 1879, a nine-foot, eight-inch skeleton was excavated from a mound near Brewersville, Indiana (Indianapolis News, Nov 10, 1975).

A six foot, six inch skeleton was found in a Utah mound. This was at least a foot taller than the average Indian height in the area, and these natives- what few there were of them -were not mound builders.

A skeleton which is reported to have been "of enormous dimensions" was found in a clay coffin, with a sandstone slab containing hieroglyphics, during mound explorations by a Dr Everhart near Zanesville, Ohio.(American Antiquarian, v3, 1880, pg61)

Ten skeletons "of both sexes and of gigantic size" were taken from a mound at Warren, Minnesota, 1883. (St. Paul Pioneer Press, May 23, 1883)

A skeleton 7 feet 6 inches long was found in a massive stone structure that was likened to a temple chamber within a mound in Kanawha County, West Virginia, in 1884. (American Antiquarian, v6, 1884 133f.

Cyrus Thomas, Report on Mound Explorations of the Bureau of Ethnology, 12th Annual Report, Smithsonian Bureau of Ethnology, 1890-91).

A large mound near Gasterville, Pennsylvania, contained a vault in which was found a skeleton measuring 7 feet 2 inches. Inscriptions were carved on the vault. (American Antiquarian, v7, 1885, 52f).

In 1885, miners discovered the mummified remains of woman measuring 6 feet 8 inches tall holding an infant. The mummies were found in a cave behind a wall of rock in the Yosemite Valley.

In Minnesota, 1888, were discovered remains of seven skeletons 7 to 8 feet tall. (St. Paul Pioneer Press, June 29, 1888).

A mound near Toledo, Ohio, held 20 skeletons, seated and facing east with jaws and teeth "twice as large as those of present day people," and besides each was a large bowl with "curiously wrought hieroglyphic figures." (Chicago Record, Oct. 24, 1895; cited by Ron G. Dobbins, NEARA Journal, v13, fall 1978).

The skeleton of a huge man was uncovered at the Beckley farm, Lake Koronis, Minnesota; while at Moose Island and Pine City, bones of other giants came to light. (St. Paul Globe, Aug. 12, 1896).

In 1911, several red-haired mummies ranging from 6 and a half feet to 8 feet tall were discovered in a cave in Lovelock, Nevada.

In February and June of 1931, large skeletons were found in the Humboldt lake bed near Lovelock, Nevada. The first of these two skeletons found measured 8 1/2 feet tall and appeared to have been wrapped in a gum-covered fabric similar to the Egyptian manner. The second skeleton was almost 10 feet long. (Review - Miner, June 19, 1931)

A 7 ft 7 inch skeleton was reported to have been found on the Friedman ranch, near Lovelock, Nevada, in 1939.(Review - Miner, Sept. 29, 1939).

In 1965, a skeleton measuring 8 feet 9 inches was found buried under a rock ledge along the Holly Creek in east-central Kentucky.

(More about pre-Columbian America)



   Fake Giants:


Look out for a number of modern composite photo's made for fun: Especially for those that resulted from the 'fake photo' competition.


Irish Fakes - George Hull was said to have no patience with fools, although he exhibited great patience for making a fool of others. After arguing with a clergyman who claimed that giants had walked the earth because the Bible said so, Hull proceeded to carve a 10-foot gypsum statue of a man. He then buried his creation on a neighbouring New-York farm. In 1869, a full year later, Hull hired some well diggers, who discovered his stone man on the job. Of course people gathered to see this oddity, and rumours began to spread that it was a fossilized human of gigantic proportions. Many saw it for the hoax it was, but when two Yale professors declared it genuine, the proof of giants on earth became set in stone. Eventually Hull had to admit it was a fake after he sued P.T. Barnum for exhibiting a copy of it. Barnum claimed his statue was just a hoax of a hoax and was found not guilty.






The photo on the left is from this competition and is a fake.






A digitally altered photograph created in 2002 shows a reclining giant surrounded by a wooden platform�with a shovel-wielding archaeologist thrown in for scale.

By 2004 the "discovery" was being blogged and emailed all over the world�"Giant Skeleton Unearthed!"�and it's been enjoying a revival in 2007.



This photo was used to advertise the competition - held in 2002...


The rules of this game were thus:

You are to create an archaeological hoax. Your job is to show a picture of an archaeological discovery that looks so real, had it not appeared at Worth1000, people might have done a double take. As always, quality is a must. We will remove poor entries no matter how much we like you. You'll have 48 hours for this contest, so make your submission count. See the first contest for an idea of what this one is about.



(Cranial Deformation: 'Coneheads')

(Mythology Homepage)

(A-Z Index)


1). Roy Norvill. Giants - The Vanquished Race of Mighty Men.
2). Cope, J. - The Modern Antiquarian. 1998. Harper Collins Publ.
3). E. Cobham Brewer. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Further Research:


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